跟单信用证统一惯例（UCP600）UCP600 – Article 2 Definitions
Article 2 Definitions
For the purpose of these rules:
注：for the purpose of 这是法律英文中的常用句式。其中的purpose可以是复数，也可以是单数。通常意思是：“为了…目的”。此处的意思没有“目的性”。例如：For the purpose of these Regulations, computer software (hereinafter referred to as software) refers to computer programes and their related documentation. (Regulations for the Protection of Computer Software, Art. 2) 本条例所称的计算机软件（简称软件，下同）是指计算机程序及其有关文件。
Advising bank means the bank that advises the credit at the request of the issuing bank.
Applicant means the party on whose request the credit is issued.
Banking day means a day on which a bank is regularly open at the place at which an act subject to these rules is to be performed.
Beneficiary means the party in whose favour a credit is issued.
Complying presentation means a presentation that is in accordance with the terms and conditions of the credit, the applicable provisions of these rules and international standard banking practice.
注：provisions 此处是条款、规定的意思。the applicable provisions of these rules 本惯例（these rules）适用的条款
Confirmation means a definite undertaking of the confirming bank, in addition to that of the issuing bank, to honour or negotiate a complying presentation.
注：that of: 代替了前面的某个内容 = undertaking of 例如：His own experience was different from that of his friends. 他的经历和他的朋友不同。
另外，可以用来表示“之类”的意思，例如：The good is like that of water.
Confirming bank means the bank that adds its confirmation to a credit upon the issuing bank’s authorization or request.
Credit means any arrangement, however named or described, that is irrevocable and thereby constitutes a definite undertaking of the issuing bank to honour a complying presentation.
a. to pay at sight if the credit is available by sight payment.
b. to incur a deferred payment undertaking and pay at maturity if the credit is available by deferred payment.
c. to accept a bill of exchange (“draft”) drawn by the beneficiary and pay at maturity if the credit is available by acceptance.
maturity 英[məˈtʃʊərəti] 美[məˈtʃʊrəti] （票据）到期
incur 英[ɪnˈkɜ:(r)] 美[ɪnˈkɚ] 承担
Issuing bank means the bank that issues a credit at the request of an applicant or on its own behalf.
Negotiation means the purchase by the nominated bank of drafts (drawn on a bank other than the nominated bank) and/or documents under a complying presentation, by advancing or agreeing to advance funds to the beneficiary on or before the banking day on which reimbursement is due to the nominated bank.
Nominated bank means the bank with which the credit is available or any bank in the case of a credit available with any bank.
注：in the case of 是短语介词,后可接名词、代词或动名词作宾语,意思是”对于”、”就……来说”、”至于……”,”在……的情况下”等等。 In the case of learning English, we must practise a lot. 就学习英语来说,我们必须大量练习。
Presentation means either the delivery of documents under a credit to the issuing bank or nominated bank or the documents so delivered.
Presenter means a beneficiary, bank or other party that makes a presentation.